five books of the Bible.
The word Pentateuch comes from a Greek term meaning
"the five (penta) books." The Pentateuch includes the first five
books of the BibleGenesis, Exodus,
and Deuteronomy. These books are often called
the Law, but in addition to legal materials they include poems,
songs, and epic narratives about the people of God. The Hebrew term used
for these books is Torah, which means instruction.
These books have sometimes been called the five books of Moses, although
most modern scholars think that the Pentateuch includes materials that were
written down by various people over a period of centuries. The Pentateuch
tells a story that extends from the Creation (Genesis 1) to the time when
the people of Israel are encamped on the edge of the promised land (Deuteronomy