the exiles return from Babylonia to Jerusalem.
The people of Judah
who were taken into exile after the fall of Jerusalem in 587 remained in
Babylonia for nearly fifty years. The
situation changed after the Persians defeated the Babylonians in 539 B.C.
and the Persian king Cyrus assumed the throne. Cyrus soon issued an edict
allowing a group of Judean exiles to return to Jerusalem and to rebuild
the Temple. Many Jews remained in Babylonia, but those who returned began
the slow process of rebuilding their community under Persian rule.