Pontius Pilate

The Roman governor who condemned Jesus to death.

Inscription from
Caesarea with
Pilate's name

Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea from A.D. 26-36. Like other provincial governors, Pilate was appointed by the Roman emperor. He normally resided in Caesarea along the Mediterranean coast but came to Jerusalem on important occasions. The brutality of his administration is reflected in the reference to Pilate slaughtering some Galileans who were going to offer sacrifices in Jerusalem (Luke 13:1). The trial and execution of Jesus took place during the middle years of Pilate's governorship. The Jewish authorities apparently brought Jesus to Pilate because the Romans reserved the right to sentence someone to death by crucifixion. Although Jesus was charged with threatening Roman domination of Palestine, Pilate is said to have recognized that Jesus was innocent. Nevertheless, Pilate had Jesus beaten and later handed him over to be crucified.

Matt 27:11-26 - Trial of Jesus
Mark 15:1-15 - Trial of Jesus
Luke 23:1-25 - Trial of Jesus
John 18:28--19:22 - Trial of Jesus

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