introduces Jesus as Word made flesh and closes with resurrection appearances
to Mary Magdalene, Thomas, and others.
John 1-12 recounts
Jesus' public ministry.
The gospel begins with a prologue introducing Jesus
as the Word of God in the flesh. John the Baptist announces that
Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. At Cana, Jesus
turns water into wine to reveal his glory. A man named Nicodemus is confused
when Jesus tells him about being born anew. A Samaritan woman hears Jesus'
promise of "living water." Feeding the 5000 shows that Jesus is
the Bread of Life. Healing a blind man reveals that Jesus is the Light of
the World. Jesus calls himself the Good Shepherd, who lays down his life
for the sheep. Raising Lazarus from the dead shows that Jesus is the Resurrection
and the Life. Although the crowds welcome Jesus to Jerusalem with palms,
they misunderstand him, and he hides himself from them.
Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead
tells of Jesus' passion and resurrection. At his last supper
with the disciples on the night before his death, Jesus washes his disciples'
feet as an act of loving service. He gives them a new commandment to love
one another as he has loved them. Following his arrest Jesus is taken
to the high priest and then to Pilate. When Pilate asks if Jesus
is a king, Jesus relies that his kingdom is not of this world. The crucifixion
culminates in Jesus' words "It is accomplished" (19:30).
The final chapters include resurrection appearances to Mary Magdalene, the disciples,
and Thomas, who confesses that Jesus is both Lord and God. At the Sea
of Galilee, Jesus directs his disciples to a great catch of fish, foreshadowing
Christian mission, and he prepares breakfast for them.
1:1-18 - Word made flesh
- Raising of Lazarus
- Jesus' death
- Jesus' resurrection