the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea.
Canaan is an early
name for what is often called Israel or Palestine. It extends along the
coast of the eastern Mediterranean. Lebanon
lies to the north and Egypt is to the south. The
eastern border is the Jordan River.
Canaan was the land
that God promised to Abraham (Gen 12:1-3), who resided at different
places in the country, mainly in the south. Abraham's descendants migrated
to Egypt during a period of famine and were enslaved there. After their
exodus from Egypt, they traveled to Canaan under Moses
and reentered the country under Joshua.
The books of Joshua
and Judges recount the efforts of
Israel to occupy the land. When the kingdom was divided, the northern
part of Canaan was called Israel and the southern
part was called Judah. Later, the territory was
divided into three sections: Galilee in the north, Samaria in the center, and Judea in the south.